miércoles, 5 de julio de 2017

ROME, CAPUT MUNDI




The birth of the Roman Empire was preceded by the expansion of Rome’s power. It was difficult to rule such a vast empire. Moreover, the growing army demanded a principal military and political authority. In that way, well-known people such as Julius Caesar emerged. His main goal was the power and he died because of daring the authority of the Roman Senate. The Empire, as a political system, appeared after civil wars that followed Julius Caesar’s death, at the end of the Roman Republic.


Augustus, Julius Caesar’s adopted son, defeated the alliance between Mark Antony and Cleopatra, and secured his imperial power by undertaking important reforms. He also consolidated a political and cultural unity which occupied the Mediterranean lands. This supremacy would last five centuries. Only their names are enough to evoke the power of the Empire.


Augustus
(63 BC/14 AD)

He was the first emperor of Rome. His reign was the longest one. He ordered to take a census of the Roman Empire when Jesus of Nazareth was born.

Tiberius
(42 BC/37AD)
He was the second emperor of Rome. The Gospels say that Jesus of Nazareth was executed during his reign due to Pontius Pilate’s commands, who was his governor in Judea.



















Julio-Claudian dynasty

Reign period
Name
Imperial name
From 27 BC to 14 AD
Augustus
IMPERATOR CAESAR DIVI FILIVS AVGVSTVS
From 14 AD to 37 AD
Tiberius
TIBERIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS
From 37 AD to 41 AD
Caligula
GAIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS
From 41 AD to 54 AD
Claudius
TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS
From 54 AD to 68 AD
Nero
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS





Capitoline Wolf suckles Romulus and Remus.



Emblem of the standards belonging to the Roman legions and official name of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.



Denarius (27 BC-14 AD) CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head and DIVVS IVLIV [S], comet of eight rays.


Roman Empire (1st Century AD).

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